The Reliability of Logics in the Perspective of Ancient and Modern Philosophers
Part 2 (D):
Continued from Part 2C:
The Penguin Encyclopedia provides a more relevant enlightenment of logic as: “The formal systematic study of the principles of valid inference and correct reasoning”. This explanation is valid because the modern formal logic focused on the logic because it is quite true that logic is actually study of different principles for valid inference. Now, as for which principle will be valid in a specific reality rests with rationality and critical thinking. Valid inference is the main objective but there is always a parameter of uncertainty left with it.
Logic is no doubt a way for solving problems, but it is the human intelligence that can comprehend the problem and use a valid logical solution for a given problem. Now, as for the human intelligence it varies from person to person. Moreover it might be possible that a person really good in his intelligence in some specific realities but another person’s intelligence is more effective for other realities in which the first person is not good. Therefore intelligence is a function of human mind, previous knowledge and the surroundings. Intelligence matter a lot in logics, both are interactive while solving a given problem. Therefore it will be invalid saying logic directly as a pure reason itself.
Thus by reviewing the arguments of different philosophers, logics are not its own purely reasons or arguments, there are other factors in finding a true reason or solution as well, but moreover these are tools which can be used for judgment or reasoning or results.
The research work is made by SM Waqas Imam, he is a fresh engineer and has graduated from NED university of engineering and technology in 2010.
 Penguin Encyclopedia