Pakistan is situated in the north of Tropic of Cancer. Pakistan is a sub-tropical country. There are four regions of Pakistan based on climate. 1. Sub-Tropical Continental Highland. 2. Sub-Tropical Continental Lowland. 3. Sub-Tropical Continental Plateau. 4. Sub-Tropical Coastland
These regions are further described under:
- Sub-Tropical Continental Highlands: Highlands means mountainous regions. It includes Pakistan’s northern and northwestern mountains and the mountain ranges of Balochistan, Sara wan, Central Makran, and Jalawan. Here the winter is extremely cold, normally snowfall. Summer season is quite cool and in the spring and winter, there is mostly fog and rainfall. In some areas of outer Himalayas, Muree and Hazara district receive continue rainfall all the year. Mostly it ends at summer season.
- Sub-Tropical Continental Lowlands: Lowlands means plains that is Upper Indus plains (Punjab) and lower Indus plain (Sindh). Here is summer very hot. The north of Punjab receives late monsoons rain and the rest of Punjab receives less rainfall. Winter situation same here. However, the Peshawar, receives thunderstorms and dust storms during summer.
- Sub-Tropical Continental Plateau: In this climatic region, mostly Balochistan parts are included. Sibi and Jacobabad are located in this region. There is normally rainfall during the month of January to February normally 50mm. Extreme hot, dry and dusty winds are the characteristics of this region.
- Sub-Tropical Coastlands: This climatic region includes the coastal areas of Sindh and Balochistan province or the southern parts of Pakistan. The temperature is moderate. The difference between minimum and maximum or range of temperature is less. Average temperature is 32 and rainfall is 180mm. May and June are the hottest month.
Thus, the climate of Pakistan is hot and continental type.
By Rohab Zahid. The writer is a student of 9th Class.