Magnitude of Brain Draining in Pakistan
The idea of Brain draining is incredibly prehistoric though the word was proposed near about the beginning of 1950 by spokesperson of the Royal Society in London. The level of brain draining has amplified in this current situation in Pakistan. Resettlement in overseas to earns one livelihood and serving other nations has been a popular notion of success among many students in Pakistan. Currently approximately all third world nations are threatened by this problem for the same reason. Competent and qualified individuals are moving to USA, UK, Canada and other countries, but Pakistan is facing this tornado severely and it’s penetrating within the minds of youth aggressively. The aspiration of people to develop in a foreign country is rising rapidly but this subject matter is out of concern among major responsible entities.
Reasons of Brain Draining in Pakistan
These are few listed reasons:
Scarce Job and employment Opportunities
Bad Health Conditions
The driving force behind these reasons of brain drain is the government of Pakistan and the failed systems of democracy and dictatorship.
What is Brain Gaining?
Leaving Pakistan for education with a motive to serve Pakistan’s nation afterwards is not brain draining, but rather it is in future a brain gaining. Whilst residing in the foreign country and servicing there permanently is actually termed as brain draining. An example of a brain gain in Pakistan is Pakistan’s hero of 28th May Dr. Abdul Qadir Khan who contributed incredibly in Pakistan’s defense.
Islamic Perspective of Brain Gaining
An incident associated with Islamic State in Medina is worth mentioning here to explain brain development and brain gain. The Islamic State under the leadership of Prophet Muhammad (Peace. Be. Upon. Him) organized his companions for an exceptional project to ash-Sham (in recent world the region is known as Syria, Jordan and Palestine). Ash-Sham was governed by Romans; they were super power in that era. Romans were exceedingly accomplished in armed expertise. The companions of the Prophet Muhammad in the Islamic State were sent for a mission to obtain that technology and to employ it for the worldwide accomplishment of Islam. Another example of Muslims’ utilizing technology from foreign nation is Trench technology; which was imitated by Persia who was the second most powerful nation at Prophet Muhammad’s time. Muslims exploited trench technology via Salman Al farsi (May Allah be please with him) who belonged to Persia and it was utilized in the Battle of the Trench (khandak). It was due to this technology that Muslims defended themselves for many days.
Another incident from the life of Prophet Muhammad reveals that how Islam has the tendency to use rival’s brain to benefit its own people. When Muslims encountered at the place of Badar, a number of the prisoners were offered conditional release on teaching ten Muslims. This shows how the state can use foreign individuals for learning schemes. An additional model of brain gaining from Islamic history of Caliphate is Sultan Mehmed ‘the conqueror of Constantinople’. Sultan Mehmed was the Caliph who utilized a German arms expert Orban. Orban was exceedingly accomplished in cannon manufacturing and arms production in the period of Caliph Mehmed. Orban presented his expertise to Byzantines but Caliph Mehmed exceptionally captivated him and presented excellent recompense in return. The Caliph Mehmed granted him a portable foundry where Orban worked and created the biggest cannon of the era known as ‘the Great Turkish Bombard’, which was adequately strong to shatter the fortress of Constantinople and this how Caliph Mehmed conquered Constantinople and liberated the suppressed ones there. It was incredible that Orban’s mortar could transmit 1200 pounds by weight equal five hundred and forty four kilogram ball ranging one mile.
Pakistan’s democratic and dictatorial regimes have failed in delivering professionals the healthy environment, they deserve. It is due to the system that delivers healthy environment and opportunities so that professionals can be convinced to work for Pakistan.
Few of the examples were discussed how Islamic State in Medina had used non Muslims, which noticeably reveals us that devoid of a proper system, state vision and objective, one can’t stop brain draining and can never reverse it to brain gaining.
The article is authored by Engineer SM Waqas Imam.